Ernst Toch was an influential and prolific Austrian composer of the 20th century. Fleeing Hitler he eventually settled in Los Angeles. The Geographical Fugue is. ABSTRACT: Ernst Toch’s “Geographical Fugue” was conceived of as a work for technological media, designed as a recording to be ‘performed’. Trin – i – dad and the big. Mis – sis – sip – pi and the. GEOGRAPHICAL FUGUE. Ernst Toch ORFEON UNIVERSITARIO. DE MALAGA.
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The first movement is a rondo with four main themes, designated as such in the text of the Sonata. Jenkin and Ewing There are an additional three geovraphical The remaining 3, jobs were disclosed as requiring no physical exertion and could be performed by the slightest, weakest sort of men […]. Both fugues appear side by side in Example 8. The addition of the post-production audio transformation renders it pedagogically edifying as well, a lesson on the possibilities of original music for gramophone.
When Toch arrived in the United States inas a refugee from Nazi Germany, Cage sought him out and obtained permission for the Fugue to be published in English translation. The open syllables allow flexibility in sustaining rhythms of different lengths, creating a differentiated sound by nature of their distinct formants.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Since much prosthetic technology was designed to replace lost physical capabilities, it relied on separating senses and abilities into functional categories, a process that would culminate in what Caroline A. Concurrently, Fleeming Jenkin and James A. Toch also seems to be poking fun at the form of the school-fugue, a composition exercise that he surely encountered during his own musical training.
The association between abnormal bodies and overly high voices was famously emphasized in the movie The Wizard of Ozin which the actors delivered their lines at a slower tempo, while the final product reflected post-audio manipulation of playback speed and pitch. The Sonata consists of four movements, of an overture and a finale, and seventhly, of a cadenza in the fourth movement.
University of California Press. Retrieved from ” https: Click here to listen to the original recording of Zwei Trickaufnahmen .
Fuge aus der Geographie (Toch, Ernst)
Cultural Origins of Sound Reproduction. The piece was first performed, in its original German, at the Neue Musik Berlin festival in June Perhaps the readiness of this piece for experimental reinterpretation stems from its origins in the conceptual and technological avant-garde of its day.
This close relationship between didactic music, radio and technology reappeared in the Berlin festival as well, with Hindemith and Toch represented both by pedagogical and technological contributions: The suite was designed to be recorded by a chorus on gramophone records at 78 rpmthen “performed” in concert by replaying the records at a much higher speed.
The fugue consists of a single text, which forms the basis for all counterpoints and developments:. This page ernsf last edited on 1 Juneat Yokohama Nagasaki Yokohama Nagasaki Syphilis!
The work was composed as the third and final movement in Toch’s suite Gesprochene Musik Spoken Music. Canon of Titicaca Between Soprano and Bass, Measure 23 If we include all the words in the first full presentation of the fugue text measures 1—8 of the tenor partwe can see that Toch restricted himself to only a subset of the seventeen German vowels by using eight geographicap total, with only seven appearing more than once: Contrapuntal passages are carefully balanced, with unison pairings or hocketing to retain the clarity of the subject at all times.
Scored for a mixed choir of soprano, alto, tenor and bass, the speakers enter in a T-A-S-B order, which by virtue of the vocal range of the performers naturally recreates the illusion of the interval of a fourth or fifth by which fugal entries are traditionally separated.
An interest in vowels and consonants as independent elements capable of artistic expression strongly influenced poetry in the last few decades of the nineteenth century, a trend geograhical accelerated in avant-garde circles at the turn of the century.
FUGUE: ERNST TOCH — THE GEOGRAPHICAL FUGUE Paul Sheftel
Inhe fled Germany, ending up in Hollywood, where he composed music for films in addition to a substantial body of chamber, solo, and orchestral music.
Gramophone, Film, Typewritertrans. Africa was a locus of Weimar Republic anxieties, as through her wartime defeat, Germany lost all her colonies, the most substantial of which had been located south of the Sahara, including parts of present-day Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Cameroon, Togo, Tanzania, Mozambique, and Namibia. University of Minnesota Press. What a putty, putty, putty. Jenkin, Fleeming, and James A. In the s, the prominent German composer Pfitzner campaigned against Jazz, claiming it was anti-German, pacifist and internationalist Cook An example of this can be found in the series of six-syllable rhythms passed between the voices at measures — Choric speech, the group recitation of poems, was taught in schools throughout Europe and America during the early twentieth-century.
By excluding Africa from the geographic libretto, therefore, Toch avoids evoking the sore point of the Franco-African occupation. Von Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand. However, the prominence he accords to the Mississippi river may possibly be a nod toward Jazz, especially given that geographidal was associated with Neue Sachlichkeit aesthetics and with recording technology. Featuring a piece amateur male choir in elaborate, full-body animal costumes, the group riotously stomps, trills, and chants fragments of the original fugue while swaying in carefully choreographed counterpoint: Indeed, the changes that affected the vowels upon increasing the playback speed stood at the forefront of his concerns, as he describes:.
Make sure to watch it till the end! Edited by John Elderfield, tooch by Ann Raimes. His choice of his raw materials reflects artistic considerations eernst as economy of means, intelligibility of material and ease of performance, amplified under the conditions of the sped-up gramophone playback. Yokohama Nagasaki Yokohama Nagasaki. European Journal of Physiology Jazz in Literature of the Weimar Republic.
ZGMTH – From Trinidad to Cyberspace: Reconsidering Ernst Toch’s “Geographical Fugue”
Toch was a prominent composer in s Berlinand singlehandedly invented the idiom of the “Spoken Chorus”. Premiered in at a Berlin-based festival dedicated to the incorporation of technology in music, a few years later the piece was transformed into a humorous showpiece spoken live by a-cappella choirs. InAugustus Stroh created the automatic phonograph, which imitated the five cardinal vowels using rotating discs.
Flight out of Time: Existing as an geographicsl absurd parody of a geography lesson, these chanted words become a collection of different syllables with almost universal phonetic characteristics rather than culturally specific meaning.